 # IELTS Writing Task 1: Describing Data

Apr 9, 2020 | IELTS WRITING TASK 1

Let’s look at a variety of ways to quote data in Writing Task 1 today, shall we?

1. Present participle

Formula: Subject + equal comparison/ comparative structure, V-ing + data

Example: Coffee in France isn’t as expensive as in the UK, costing 2 and 2.9 respectively.

Formula: Subject + verb, with figures rising/ falling from X to Y

Example: Pizza consumption fell dramatically between 2011 and 2015, with figures shrinking from about half a kilogram to exactly 50 grams.

Formula: Subject + verb, with figures increasing/ dropping by (Y – X)

Example: Pizza consumption fell dramatically between 2011 and 2015, with figures dropping by 450 grams.

Formula: Subject + verb, with figures increasing/ shrinking twofold/ threefold/ n-fold, etc

Example: Pizza consumption fell dramatically between 2011 and 2015, with figures shrinking tenfold.

1. Past participle

Formula: Subject + verb, as shown by the (n-fold) increase/ decrease from X to Y

Example: Pizza consumption fell dramatically between 2011 and 2015, as shown by a tenfold decrease from half a kilogram to 50 grams.

Formula: Subject + verb, as indicated by the increase/ decrease from X to Y

Example: Pizza consumption fell dramatically between 2011 and 2015, as indicated by the drop from about half a kilogram to exactly 50 grams.

Formula: Subject + verb, as illustrated by the increase/ decrease of (Y – X) percent

Example: Pizza consumption fell dramatically between 2011 and 2015, as illustrated by a decrease of 90 percent.

1. Prepositional phrases

Formula: Subject + verb, at [data for X] and [data for Y] respectively.

Example: Coffee in France does not cost as much as in the UK, at 2 and 2.9 respectively.

Formula: Subject + verb, with [data for x] compared to [data for Y].

Example: ABC store did not sell as many loaves of dragon-fruit bread as ABC Bakery in February, with 150,000 compared to 220,000.

Formula: Subject + verb, with + data + V_ing

Example: Philosophy was clearly the least popular major in ABC School, with only 100 students taking it in the last 3 years.

1. Relative clause

Formula: Subject + relative clause + verb

Example: Philosophy, which was taken by only 100 students in the last 3 years, was clearly the least popular major in ABC School.

Hope this is useful for you!